Born in 1972 he studied history, philosophy and music in Berlin (Humboldt-University and Hochschule der Künste), Paris (Nanterre), Florence and UC Berkeley. PhD European University Institute, Florence, in 2002. Post-doc at the École normale supérieure Lyon (2003-2004) and the University of Oxford (2004-2007). From 2007 to 2016 he taught as Maître de conférences (associate professor) at Sciences Po Lyon. Since 2016 he is professor of modern history at the University of Normandy in Caen.